Android Generations in Cycle

Android OS is the latest development in the history of Operating Systems designed originally in specific as only meant for Cellular Mobile Phone Devices in its initial stasis by Open Handset Alliance. It was licensed, funded and insured officially by Google during the end of the year 2007 through the original Android developmental mobile device, the HTC Dream which was made available to the market on 23rd September 2008.

More importantly, Android OS was manufactured even further for its Google Pixelated Android Mobile Phones. It was later also upgraded into other Company related Mobile Devices such as the most commonly purchased “The Samsung Galaxy Note Series” in the line of their Mobile Devices made only from South Korea, another is currently the most exclusive in the trend of its highest resolution in dominating the 4k environment with regards to the screen display for their Mobile Phones, i.e., “The Sony Xperia” which is primarily based upon and made only from Japan.

Android Operating System was also developed further for electronic equipment such as Tablet Computer Systems, Phablet Devices, Gaming Laptop Computer Systems as well in the form of Google Chromebooks. The latest generations of Television which are also capable of being used as a personal computer with internet access to network connectivity and watches that can be used for Cellular Mobile communications are also based on Android. 

Android Operating System is basically deemed to be an advanced modification to the UNIX-based Operating System with respect to the similarities and features present in its user interface, applications, widgets and services to describe itself. It is mostly generated through the vintage Procedural Oriented Programming System (POPS) Computer based Language called “C” at the nexus but its graphical user interface as a touch friendly OS harkens back to the fact in the Platform Independent Object Oriented Programming System (OOPS) Computer Language called JavaScript which was built entirely by another different company called “Sun Microsystems”.

Apart from the basic premise of the two previously mentioned Computer Programming Languages from above, Android also comes with various other substitute Computer Programming Languages for its generalized intended coding such as C++ which in turn is again another OOPS based Computer Programming Language. When we get to know the Android platform, we can make it work for us in more than a hundred languages spoken in the world.

Generations of Android :-

NameInternal codenameVersion number(s)API
Initial stable
release date
Latest security patch date[lLatest Google Play Services version
(release date)
Android 1.01.01September 23, 2008
Android 1.1Petit Four1.12February 9, 2009
Android CupcakeCupcake1.53April 27, 2009
Android DonutDonut1.64September 15, 2009
Android EclairEclair2.05October 27, 2009
2.0.16December 3, 2009
2.17January 11, 2010
Android FroyoFroyo2.2 – 2.2.38May 20, 20103.2.25 (October 2014)
Android GingerbreadGingerbread2.3 – 2.3.29December 6, 201010.0.84 (November 2016)
2.3.3 – 2.3.710February 9, 2011
Android HoneycombHoneycomb3.011February 22, 2011
3.112May 10, 2011
3.2 – 3.2.613July 15, 2011
Android Ice Cream SandwichIce Cream Sandwich4.0 – 4.0.214October 18, 201114.8.49 (February 2019)
4.0.3 – 4.0.415December 16, 2011
Android Jelly BeanJelly Bean4.1 – 4.1.216July 9, 201221.33.56 (September 2021)
4.2 – 4.2.217November 13, 2012
4.3 – 4.3.118July 24, 2013
Android KitKatKey Lime Pie4.4 – 4.4.419October 31, 2013October 201722.26.15 (July 2022)
4.4W – 4.4W.220June 25, 2014?
Android LollipopLemon Meringue Pie5.0 – 5.0.221November 4, 2014November 2017
5.1 – 5.1.122March 2, 2015March 2018
Android MarshmallowMacadamia Nut Cookie6.0 – 6.0.123October 2, 2015August 2018
Android NougatNew York Cheesecake7.024August 22, 2016August 2019
7.1 – 7.1.225October 4, 2016October 2019
Android OreoOatmeal Cookie8.026August 21, 2017January 2021
8.127December 5, 2017October 2021
Android PiePistachio Ice Cream928August 6, 2018January 2022
Android 10Quince Tart1029September 3, 2019July 2022
Android 11Red Velvet Cake1130September 8, 2020
Android 12Snow Cone1231October 4, 2021
Android 12LSnow Cone v212.132March 7, 2022
Android 13Tiramisu1333Q3 2022
Legend:Old version older version, still maintained latest version latest preview version

Android 12

Android 12 (API 31)
Android 12 is the twelfth major version of the Android operating system. It was first announced by Google on February 18, 2021, and the first developer preview was released on the same day.
VersionRelease dateFeaturesImage(s)
12October 4, 2021Easier Wi-Fi sharing.AVIF image support.Material You, is an updated design language based on Material Design.Scrolling Screenshot.One Handed Mode.Android Runtime (ART) module added to the updatable core OS components via Google Play, added functionality to existing modules.Area Magnification can zoom in on any content on the device.Extra Dim reduces brightness below a minimum level.Bold Text.Greyscale.Mic and Camera indicator and toggle.Option to choose a precise or approximate location.Privacy Dashboard.Gestures can work in immersive mode. Performance improvements to system services to improve transitions, power efficiency, and reduce app startup times.Third party app stores now have the ability to update apps without constantly asking the user for permission.
Android 12 home screen with themed icons and widgets

Android T :-

Android 13 is currently the latest generation in the Series of Mobile Operating Systems developed by Android. It was decided to be called as “Tiramisu” on 10th February 2022 with a Developer Preview available for the most recent Pixel Mobiles starting from Pixel 4. A Second Preview of the Operating System was mentioned a month later in March with an untested Beta previewed on 26th April 2022. The second beta testing was opened on 11th May 2022 through the input and output services of Google followed by two more preview testings for the next two consecutive months stabilizing the user interface on 25th July 2022, i.e. in its third trial at testing the experience. It will be ready for a stable release with the release of Google Pixelated Phones such as Google Pixel 7 and Google Pixel 7 Pro in September 2022.

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